GRANDMOTHERS FAN is a good old pattern in which to use silks and woolens. Instead of calling for fancy quilting, too, it is practical when interlined with an old wool blanket and simply tacked at intervals. Each foundation block must be 12 inches square, although the face material does not have to extend under the fan, but a seam. To this foundation block of muslin or whatever is used, are sewed the six assorted color blocks, the first one just basted on with raw edges. The others are sewed joining with edge to edge a seam back and turned over each time into the fan. This method is called making a "pressed quilt."
At the top edge, the raw edge of these pieces is covered by the small black fan, while the wider arc at the base may be hemmed back or finished each time with a scrap of fancy braid. Embroidery stitches often embellished the old-time "Grandmother's Fan.” These pattern units do not allow for seams.
This quilt finishes about 72 by 84 inches and includes 42 pieced blocks, 6 blocks wide by 7 blocks long.
Material estimate: You will require 51/2 yards of muslin for the twelve-inch foundation blocks, 1 yard black for the corner, and 41/2 yards or 3/4 yard each of six assorted colors, a total of 11 yards. The fans would be very dainty in rainbow tints, as shading yellow, green, blue, orchid, pink, and orange.
THIS double Wedding Ring quilt should not be attempted by anyone except a real quilt enthusiast.” Believe it or not," the friend from whom we got this pattern boasts 720 small blocks in her counterpane,” mighty nearly all different." That is the unique idea here — no two of the wedge-shaped blocks alike, in close proximity at least. Such a variegated scheme suggests "married life" rather than just the wedding ring, and yet when you see the melon-shaped blocks set together, forming four-patches where they join, you also see large perfect circles overlapping regularly into a really lovely design — wedding rings it seems.
Blocks are made into melon shapes around the pattern marked "1 yellow,” half of them with dark blue squares at the ends and half with white. By laying several finished blocks together you will see that a large pillow-shaped block is needed to set them together. This pattern you can readily cut or easier still, simply appliqué the finished blocks onto white sheeting by turning all outside edges and placing together carefully. For a large quilt, 60 melon-shaped pieces are used and the yardage required is 4 2-3 yards yellow or unbleached for the background or center of block, 6 yards, 1 yard each of 6 variegated colors, 2-3 yard dark blue, and 2-3 yard white.
A Spider web design is recommended for the large pillow-shaped white block and flower with leaves to fit the ellipse-shaped block.
THE Maple Leaf is one of the best examples possible of a charmingly naturalistic pattern from squares and triangles simply placed together. Of course, the appliqué stem does help, too.
While green is suggested and usually used, there is no reason why gay leaves of yellow, orange, red and brown tones would not make a wonderful quilt. Maple leaves always set together with alternate blocks, check-board fashion, so that the stems all point in one direction diagonally across the quilt in a sort of formal, windblown effect.
Patterns here given are to transfer to cardboard; they do not allow for seams, so cut about a quarter of an inch larger and sew back to your pencil line. Stem does not have to be turned in at ends if it is appliquéd onto its small square first, before the block is pieced. This makes a nine inches square block and requires 5 1/2 yards of white with 3 yards of green or autumn tints to complete into a full size coverlet.
A border of maple leaf blocks each 9 inches square separated by 3-inch strips would be handsome. This, between 3-inch borders of white, would complete a center five blocks wide by 6long, into a top about 75 by 84 inches. Bind in color to finish the edge.
ROLLING OR EIGHT-POINTED STAR
THERE are ever so many star quilt blocks of 4, 5, 6 and 8 points. The diamond pattern here given fits together eight times into a perfect eight-pointed one, which is perhaps favorite in the galaxy.
The smaller sketch shows the simplest way of completing it into a block with four squares and four triangles or half squares. But when elaborated with eight squares and then again with eight more diamonds it becomes a glorious affair authentically called "The Rolling Star." If I were piecing it, I should split each square into two triangles, as suggested on the pattern to simplify the seaming together. Only nine Rolling Stars with borders of course to add size, are needed to make a quilt.
The Rolling Star blocks finish 21 inches across. You will require 1 1/2 yards of print for the center star diamonds, 31/2 yards of plain for the outer diamonds and the six-inch border, and 3 1/2 yards of white.
A Pineapple or 8-inch Feather Circle would quilt nicely on the 9-inch "set” squares.
SQUARE AND COMPASS
THE Square and Compass is one of the more intricate quilt designs, and yet there are only three patterns used. As the story comes to us, it was first designed by the wife of a life saving crew's captain, so to maintain these a flavor throughout, blue or blue-green with white would make it most nautical. Aside from pointing eight true directions like any real compass should, it some way suggests spars and rudders and propellers. So if you possess that bit of romantic imagination which the quilt originators had, you will surely appreciate the "Square and Compass."
Cardboards are made exactly from the parts here given and traced around, onto the cloth. Cut a seam larger than the penciled part and sew first the triangle block onto the long one, then the "pie-shaped" pieces into the ends to form a larger triangle. This, of course, is half of the small square which in turn is 1/4 of a complete block.
Each block will be thirteen inches square, a good size for patchwork pillows, or if making a whole quilt, this pattern uses all pieced blocks which form a continuing and overlapping series of squares and compasses all over the coverlet.
The quilt sets together 6 blocks wide by 6 1/2 blocks long and requires 36 whole mocks and 6 half blocks. It finishes about 78 by 85 inches. Or surround a much smaller center, say 4 by 4 1/2 blocks, with a 5-inch plain band for fancy quilting and a pieced border of half blocks 61/2 inches wide to complete. The more intricate the pattern and the smaller the cut units, the greater the yardage required. For instance, you can make a comfort top 72 by 90 inches from five yards or 36-inch material. But cut it up into squares, or smaller pieces, or yet smaller, and the seams soon take up almost as much as the part that shows. You will need 9 yards for this quilt, 4 1/2 yards of each color.
DOVE IN THE WINDOW
DOVE in the Window" is rather an intricate block to piece but a charming and unusual one when done. It finishes about fourteen inches square, suitable size for a patchwork pillow. If used for a whole quilt, set the 25 blocks together with 3-inch strips of pieced sand and white with 3-inch squares of sand color or tiny pieced nine-patches at all intersections.
As with the others in our patchwork series this gives exact size of finished parts; trace these sizes on the wrong side of the cloth, then cut a seam larger sewing back to the line.
The quilt sets together 5 blocks wide by 5 blocks long, with strips 3 inches wide by 14 inches long joined with the squares at the end of these strips. These strips are cut 1 3/8 inches, two of sand and one of white to go between
them. With seams off from sewing them together, they appear between blocks 3 inches wide. A 3-inch border all around the pieced center may be of the sand color with binding of rose or blue.
Twenty-five pieced blocks, 40 pieced strips and 16 3-inch squares will finish about 82 inches square. Material needed is 1 1/2 yards of rose, 1 1/2 yards blue, 2 yards sand and 4 1/2 yards of white, for a total of 9 1/2 yards.
ROB PETER AND PAY PAUL
THIS quilt gets its name from the appearance of the light blocks being cut out to add to the dark, while the dark blocks are trimmed to piece out the light blocks. This procedure is not exactly the case, however, as in reality the blocks must be larger to provide for a seam.
Make cardboard cutting patterns from the sketch given above. These patterns do not allow for seams, so draw on the cloth around the cardboard but cut a seam larger and then sew to the pencil line.
Rob Peter and Pay Paul looks like a series of circles when set together, but the unit block is square, as shown in the small sketch at the left. Of course half of the blocks are made with dark centers and half with light centers surrounded by the darker color. Blue and buff are suggested but any two harmonizing colors make up attractively in this charming, old-fashioned design.
The blocks are a generous 5 1/2 inches square. The quilt may be 14 blocks wide by 15 blocks long to finish about 77 by 83 inches. For the 105 light blocks and 105 dark ones you will need 4 1/2 yards each of a light and dark color. It is equally effective, and less work with a solid center, say 9 by 10 blocks — a wide plain band of the light fancy quilting, a pieced border of blocks, then narrower border of dark.
This pattern is sometimes called "Orange Peel" and by others "Dolly Madison's Workbox."
Jacob's Ladder block is rather large, 131/2 inches square, but it is really composed of nine little pieced blocks, five four-patches and four triangle squares. These nine little patchwork blocks and again the large squares must all be set together so that light squares follow light and dark ones dark, as shown in the sketch. Otherwise Jacob might yet misstep on a faulty ladder!
The band of four patches set diagonally between dark triangles makes one of those clever little patchwork borders which add so much of well planned beauty to a patchwork quilt. It would finish about 6 inches wide and could be effectively spaced between plain color strips of dark or light.
The quilt sets together with alternate unbleached blocks, 13 inches square, and is 5 blocks wide by 5 long plus a three-inch border. If thirteen pieced blocks and twelve plain ones are used the quilt will finish about 73 by 73 inches. Material required is 5 yards of unbleached, 1 1/2 yards red print, 1 yard brown and 1 yard extra for the three-inch border.
An Anchor design, slanted all one direction, would be lovely quilted on the large plain squares between "ladders."
'THIS Greek Cross is one of the many variations of nine-patch, that old-time favorite upon which so many little girls have learned the gentle art of stitching. However, Greek Cross is quite an elaborate version, and made up in the analogous color harmony suggested above, three kindred colors in about the same light and dark value, it is a beautifully unusual quilt.
The block is nine inches square and the strips between the blocks are three inches wide. Patterns are made by tracing the ones here given onto cardboard and cutting carefully. These are used to mark around onto your cloth, but cut a seam outside of this line. The pencil line is used to sew to; it marks the size of each finished part.
The quilt includes 49 blocks, 7 wide by 7 long, and sets together with strips 3 inches wide by 9 inches long. Fill in the intersection squares at the end of the strips, when putting together with blue 3-inch squares. Forty-nine pieced blocks, 84 lavender strips, and 36 blue 3-inch squares will finish about 81 by 87 inches if 3-inch strips are added at top and bottom for additional length. You will require 2 1/2 yards of lavender, 2 yards white, 1 1/2 yards blue and 2 yards of rose.
PICTURING a quilt block is quite a different matter from visualizing a series of blocks set together to form an entire quilt pattern. Double T is rather complete in itself, therefore good for a patchwork pillow, and good size too, as it is twelve inches square. It may set together with alternate plain squares or is especially attractive with three-inch strips of white or harmonizing color between blocks, either continuing in unbroken lattice work or with three-inch squares of the other color at the corners.
Patterns are made by tracing the ones here given onto cardboard and cutting exactly. These do not allow for seams. Draw on your cloth around cardboard, but cut a seam larger, sewing back to the pencil line.
The quilt sets together with 3-inch strips of white intersecting with 3-inch squares of print at all corners. If it is five blocks wide by five long plus the 3-inch strips it will finish 72 by 72 inches. A 3-inch strip may be added at top and bottom for additional length.
Twenty-five pieced blocks, 40 strips 3x12, and 16 3-inch squares will require 4 yards of print material, and 5 yards of white.
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